When is a plague not a plague?

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Blessings in disguise

Bird-cherry Ermine Moth plagues surrey

so why do you suppose it’s called “ermine” then…? photo:entomart

A street in south London has apparently been “invaded” by a “plague” of Bird-cherry Ermine Moth caterpillars Yponomeuta evonymella. The good people of Warfield Road have been complaining in the pages of the Evening Standard that their trees (presumably Bird-cherries Prunus padus) are being damaged and that “it’s just not on.” Quite why they need to use such apocalyptic and/or peevish language is beyond us. (Henry says: they sound very cross but there’s nothing they can do about it until the moths hatch, is there? Catherine adds: moths are pretty – can I have an ice-cream please, Daddy?)

These attractive, speckled lepidoptera colonise Bird-cherry trees, which we guess have been planted along the street. So it’s really a case of “introduced moth species does what comes naturally in introduced host tree species“.  It’s all part of a natural cycle and it’s not the Bird-cherry Ermine’s fault, nor the transplanted Bird-cherries’ fault, if they find themselves gracing the leafy streets of Surrey.

True, the caterpillars do tend to occur in large numbers, and they spin huge communal nests, turning trees into huge candy floss sticks.  But then they can’t exactly be spoilt for choice in terms of available host trees. Enough of them together can indeed strip a tree of foliage but the trees usually survive and often recover within the season, certainly by next season. Anyway, if you think about it, it’s never in a species’ interest to exterminate its host population entirely.  And it’ll all be over in a few weeks so we think Warfield Road should count its blessings and look forward to the flitter-flutter of tiny Yponomeuta wings.  Otherwise, if they carry on with their starchy attitude, they could end up attracting an infestation of Flour Moths!  Ephestia kuehniella would really give them something to gripe about!

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Comments

  1. Professor Simon Leather says:

    I think it is unlikely that they are bird cherry ermine moths. There are a number of closely related Yponomeuta species that attack cherries, hawthorns and related tree species. You need to check what the trees actually are before youc an make a definite diagnosis, plus of course getting soem specimens of the larvae or adults. http://simonleather.wordpress.com/2013/03/05/silk-not-just-a-spider-thing/

  2. insecthouse says:

    Thanks, Prof! The article was meant more as a comment on the public’s reaction to the caterpillars, rather than a report on the infestation itself. We confess we’ve not personally verified any of the species in question – more fool us for taking the ES’ taxonomy at face value! (They may just conceivably have skimped on their research: Y evonymella is pretty much the first species listed on the relevant Wikipedia page!) Do you think this could be another ermine moth?

  3. Snail1975 says:

    Thanks, Prof! The article was meant more as a comment on the public’s reaction to the caterpillars, rather than a report on the infestation itself. We confess we’ve not personally verified any of the species in question – more fool us for taking the ES’ taxonomy at face value! (They may just conceivably have skimped on their research: Y evonymella is pretty much the first species listed on the relevant Wikipedia page!) Do you think this could be another ermine moth?